Performing a trace route and ping test

The trace route utility checks how many “hops” (transfers through other computers on a network) it takes for your computer to contact another computer.

A “trace route” is a function which traces the path from one network to another. To be effective, the trace route MUST be run during the time when you are experiencing the problem, from a computer and DSL line that is experiencing the problem.

 

Below you will find the steps to perform a ping and trace route test on Windows and MAC


Steps to follow for Windows:

1. Click on Start
2. Select Run
3. Type: cmd
4. Press Enter or click OK
5. In the DOS command window type in the command and chosen domain.
E.g. tracert www.webafrica.co.za

 

Description of results provided by the trace route

Have a look at the above screenshot, the first column, the hop count, represents the number of stops the trace request has made along the route to attempt to contact the server represented by the domain.

The next three columns are the round-trip times in milliseconds for three attempts to reach the destination. The last column is the name of the host that responded to the request.

How to create a ping test for Windows

Ping is a computer network tool used to test whether a particular host is reachable and whether the host reacts to the ping test. Ping can test the speed of your connection, “distance” to target, and whether or not your connection is up and running. The trace route given above also covers this however a trace route gives a lot more information that may be redundant. Ping tells you how long a packet of data takes to travel from your computer to a specified host and back again.

The screenshot below shows whether or not the host replied, with how many bytes (size of packet), round trip time (in milliseconds), and the TTL is how many routers the packet will go through before giving up trying to find the host.

1. Click on Start
2. Select Run
3. Type: cmd
4. Press Enter or click OK
5. In the DOS command window type in the command and chosen domain.
E.g. ping www.webafrica.co.za

How to Test Ping and Trace Route on your Mac


Steps to follow for MAC:

Here is How to Test Ping on your Mac with Network Utility:

1. Open “Applications” followed by “Utilities.”
2. Choose “Network Utilities” and click on “Ping.”
3. In the space provided below the option “Enter the network address to ping”, enter the IP address or web URL for which you want to set the “ping test.”
4. Press “Ping.”

 
Here is how to test ping on your Mac with Terminal

1. Go to Applications and then select Utilities.
2. From there, click on “Terminal.”
3. When a new Terminal window pops up, type: ping <IP_ADDRESS/URL> (replace <IP_ADDRESS/URL> with an IP address or a web url) and hit return/Enter.
4. The ping will run. If the network works fine and the pinged IP is responding, you will start to see multiple entries coming up in the terminal.
5. To stop, press Ctrl+C.

 
To Perform a Traceroute in Mac

1. Launch Network Utility.
2. You can do this through Mac OS X Spotlight by typing Network Utility, and then clicking the Top Hit.
3. Click Traceroute.
4. Enter the domain name for which you want to perform a traceroute: eg – email.coolexample.com
5. Click Trace.
6. Select the results, and then right-click and select Copy or press COMMAND+C to copy the text., and then right-click and select Copy or press COMMAND+C to copy the text.

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